African people teach wi seh, yu no dead, dead, dead so till nobody no member yu. An wi naah stop member fi wi warrior dem. Man an woman! Afrikan piipl tiich wi se, yu no ded, ded, ded so til nobadi no memba yu. An wi naa stap memba fi wi wariya dem. Man an uman! African wisdom teaches us that you never truly die until no one remembers you. And we will always remember our warriors. Men and women!
I think we should establish gut guidelines for politicians. Beyond a certain size, they would just lose the work.
The abolitionist, Sir Thomas Buxton, had urged his fellow parliamentarians to pay reparations to emancipated Africans. But, as Beckles notes, "[T]he British Parliament, densely populated with slaveholders and other beneficiaries of slave investments, did not take Buxton's suggestion seriously".
Michael ‘Freestylee’ Thompson, one top-a-top Jamaican graphic artist, im draw one beautiful picture fi represent Alpha: one lickle yute a blow im horn. An yu can see seh di pikni feel im owna strength an know im power di way im a hold di horn. / Michael ‘Freestylee’ Thompson, wan tap-a-tap Jamiekan grafik aatis, im jraa wan byuutiful pikcha fi riprizent Alpha: wan likl yuut a bluo im aan. An yu kyahn si se di pikni fiil im uona chrent an nuo im powa di wie im a uol di aan. / Michael ‘Freestylee’ Thompson, a first-class Jamaican graphic artist, drew a beautiful picture to represent Alpha: a young man blowing his horn. You see pride and passion in his posture.
Issuing a death sentence, Bustamante literally turned all Rastafarians into villains. Guilty or innocent, they could no longer expect to enjoy the protection of the law. All Rastafarians were completely demonised and became victims of comprehensive state brutality. The Coral Gardens 'Incident' was a chilling episode in a long history of state violence against Rastafari.
It is true that many histories are partial – in both senses of the word: incomplete and one-sided. But some histories are more complete than others. There is a lot of historical evidence to support the claim that Jews played a major role in plantation slavery in the Caribbean.
Garvey grandly rose above the hateful definitions of blackness in Jamaican society and prophetically affirmed, “We are going to emancipate ourselves from mental slavery because whilst others might free the body, none but ourselves can free the mind”. Many of us sing along with Bob Marley, who popularised Garvey’s words in his “Redemption Song”. But do we fully comprehend the profundity of the exhortation to free the mind?
It was my high school English teacher, Miss Julie Thorne, who, for me, first interrogated the racial politics of the supposedly unifying motto. She had come from the United Kingdom to teach on an international development program much like the Peace Corps. As an outsider, she could immediately detect the fraudulence of the homogenizing racial myth. She asked us students a rather cynical question. “Out of many, one people? Which one?” Jamaican society in the 1960’s was highly stratified. The brown and white elite were the ‘one’ who ruled the ‘many’.
All of us foreigners who came, willingly or not, and now call this island our own, do have a sense of ancestral homelands. This speck of Jamaica is great because our conception of ourselves is not dependent solely on our present insular location.